Top 10 In-Demand Technologies to Learn

September 22, 2020

Technology is evolving fast. As an IT professional, keeping yourself updated with the ever-evolving technologies and market trends is a survival tactic. This means understanding where the technology ecosystem is heading, deciding where you want to contribute, and acquiring the skills to get there.

Here are ten in-demand technologies that IT professionals should have on their radars.

1. Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the simulation of intelligence in programmed computer systems, often performing tasks such as object recognition, voice recognition, facial recognition, decision-making, and pattern detection. AI can perform these tasks more quickly and accurately than human beings.

AI is being used in almost every business sector to reduce human intervention. For example, in cybersecurity, AI is used to detect breaches and increase security analysts’ efficiency, reducing the time they spend analyzing false positives and improving productivity.

AI, in simpler terms, often means automation. Automation, while eliminating some human task-oriented jobs, creates new opportunities as well. According to Simplilearn, automation will get rid of 73 million jobs and create 23 million jobs. The jobs created by AI will be around development, programming, testing, support, and maintenance.

2. Cyber Security

Cyber security is top of mind for most companies. Developing skills in the area of cyber security helps you to protect networks, computers, and sensitive data from security breaches. Organizations are increasing security budgets year over year to deal with malicious threats, remove vulnerabilities, defend against data breaches, data manipulation, and data theft.

As the modern threat landscape continues to mature, the demand for cyber security skills will continue to grow and increase in importance.

3. UI/UX Design

User Interface and User Experience design, or UI/UX, is a design-centric approach to development. A UI designer’s concern is about how the product appears. UI designers design interfaces for web apps and mobile apps to be visually appealing and enable users to navigate easily. UX designers are more concerned about how users interact with the product. They do research and test element behaviors on the interface to make sure that the flow is good.

UI is suitable for those who want to focus on visuals, layout, the general look, and the product feel. While, UX will suit those who want to use analysis and testing to help users meet their needs.

4. Internet of Things

IoT is a system of interconnected objects communicating over a network. IoT connects objects to the internet and allows communication to take place, whether its the curtains, cars, door, refrigerator, or home appliances. Sensors installed within objects communicate and send data to the cloud.

According to geeks for geeks, IoT will soon turn Nature into Smart Nature. According to statistics recorded in 2017, the number of devices using IoT reached 8.4 billion. The number of IoT devices is expected to reach 30 billion in the year 2020.

5. Robotics Process Automation

Like AI, Robotics Process Automation (RPA) revolutionizes the way organizations work today. Robotics process automation is technology or software that mimics the repetitive actions of a human being interacting with digital systems. Many companies dealing in such activities as data entry, analytics, and manufacturing have adopted RPA technology. Using RPA, we can reduce human error, save time, and reduce operating costs.

Some of the skills needed to become an RPA developer are Python, Java, AI and ML, MySQL, and Scala.

6. Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality

Virtual Reality (VR) is a technology that immerses the user in an environment that makes it appear that you are in a different world. The VR headset blocks out your real worldview, substituting it with a digital world that is designed to fool your senses. VR is relevant to gamers, real estate agents, 3D artists, and architects. AR is an enhancement of your real world with a set of magical virtual objects in it. VR and AR are changing the way we use screens, creating and viewing new exciting experiences. To get started with these technologies, you need programming skills and a forward-thinking mindset.

7. Cognitive Cloud Computing

Cognitive Cloud Computing is one of the next big things in the IT industry. This technology uses the idea of Man and Machine together in one. It can converse in natural language and help in decision-making. It has made computers smart enough to function like human brains. Businesses are deploying cloud computing applications and solutions in their processes.

8. BlockChain

Blockchain is another leading emerging technology. Blockchain is a list of records called blocks linked together using cryptography. It facilitates transactions of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin. Blockchain increases security and speeds up exchange of information.

Blockchain engineering jobs are in high demand. To become a Blockchain developer, Python, internet security, cryptography, c/c++, No SQL and relational DB skills are necessary.

9. Big Data Analytics

Big Data refers to large amounts of data used to reveal patterns, trends, insights, and associations. Hadoop and Spark are sample frameworks for solving Big Data problems and analyzing the data. It is important to have Big Data knowledge and skills.

10. Edge Computing

Edge Computing is a technology that brings computation and data storage closer to end users or devices. Bringing computation at the edge of the network gives faster insights, lowers latency and, saves on bandwidth.

Conclusion

Although the technology industry is evolving at a tremendous rate, the IT industry is very competitive and getting a job is tough. Keeping yourself updated with current market trends and skills offer a promising career and future. If you continue learning more technologies and new tools, chances for grabbing your dream job also increase. All ten technologies are suffering from a shortage of skilled workers. Its time to choose your path and start earning skills to solve real-world problems.


About the author

Judy Nduati

Judy is a student pursuing Business Information Technology. She is passionate, self-motivated, and a solution-oriented technology enthusiast. She is also a front-end web developer and a web designer. She loves technical writing and contributing to open-source projects.

This article was contributed by a student member of Section's Engineering Education Program. Please report any errors or innaccuracies to enged@section.io.