Creating and Connecting Maria Database to a PHP Registration Form

January 23, 2021

A database is a critical tool when it comes to software development. It helps you manage different information or records. A database such as MYSQL is used by numerous developers worldwide. This tutorial shows you how to use Maria database in PHP.

Introduction

Maria Database is one of the most popular relational database management system (DBMS). It is an open source version of MySQL database. Maria Database is based on Structured Query Language (SQL). SQL is a standard language for creating, storing, and fetching data in databases. In this tutorial, we are going to learn how to use MariaDatabase and PHP in Ubuntu.

Prerequisites

To follow along with this tutorial you will need:

  • Some knowledge of HTML, PHP, and CSS
  • A code editor. You can download Visual Studio Code from here.

In this tutorial you will learn how to:

  • Install Xampp.
  • Create tables in a database using SQL commands.
  • Create a registration form using PHP.
  • Store form data into the database.
  • Fetch the stored data from the database using PHP.

Step 1 – Installing Xampp

Xampp comes along with PhpMyAdmin when downloaded into a machine. PhpMyAdmin is the tool to help manage the database.

Download Xampp here.

Navigate to where your package was downloaded and open in terminal.

To install the package, you’ll need to make it executable using the chmod command. Execute the command below in the terminal.

$ sudo chmod 755 xampp-linux-x64-7.4.10-0-installer.run

The command executes with no output. Verify that we have executed the permission by running the command below:

$  ls -l xampp-linux-x64-7.4.10-0-installer.run

-rwxrwxrwx 1 erastus erastus 157293721 Sep 12 22:23 xampp-linux-x64-7.4.10-0-installer.run

Then run the installer by executing the command below.

$ sudo ./xampp-linux-x64-7.4.10-0-installer.run

XAMPP Setup Wizard

Click Next until the installation process is finished.

XAMPP Setup Wizard

Once the installation is finished, move to the Manage Servers tab and click Start to start all the services.

XAMPP Start Services

To verify your installation open your browser at http://localhost/dashboard. You should see something like this.

XAMPP Setup Wizard

You can also open http://localhost/phpmyadmin/ to access PhpMyAdmin. You should see something like this.

localhost phpmyadmin

Step 2 – Creating tables in MariaDB using SQL commands.

Now that we have our environment working, we can start working with MariaDB.

Open a terminal and run the following command.

$ /opt/lampp/bin/mysql -u root -p

The terminal will ask you for a password, press Enter as we have not set any password.

When you press Enter you should have the following output:

MariaDB in terminal

The next thing to do is to create a Database. Let’s create a Database called school. By executing the following sql command:

$ create database school;

Query OK, 1 row affected (0.000 sec)

To confirm that you have created a Database named school, execute the command below. The database school should be among the output.

show databases;
MariaDB [(none)]> show databases;
+---------------------------+
| Database                  |
+---------------------------+
| information_schema        |
| login                     |
| mysql                     |
| performance_schema        |
| phpmyadmin                |
| school                    |
| sudos                     |
| test                      |
+---------------------------+
8 rows in set (0.067 sec)

Now let’s create tables in our school database. To do this, let us use the use SQL command to select our database.

$ use school;

Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A

Database changed

Now, let’s create a table named students.

Let’s execute the SQL below.


$ create table students(

   id int(11) not null AUTO_INCREMENT primary key,

   firstname varchar(50) not null,

   lastname varchar(20) not null,

   email varchar(56) not null,

   phone varchar(15) not null);

To see the created table, execute this command:

$ desc students;

+-----------+-------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| Field     | Type        | Null | Key | Default | Extra          |
+-----------+-------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
| id        | int(11)     | NO   | PRI | NULL    | auto_increment |
| firstname | varchar(50) | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| lastname  | varchar(20) | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| email     | varchar(56) | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
| phone     | varchar(34) | NO   |     | NULL    |                |
+-----------+-------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+
5 rows in set (0.023 sec)

So far, we have created a database school and a table students inside it. Now, let’s view this database school and its tables in PhpMyAdmin. Open your browser and navigate to http://localhost/phpmyadmin/. You should see something like this.

phpmyadmin database

Step 3 – Creating a registration form

Here, we will create a form and store the data collected from it in our school database.

Xampp serves files located under /opt/lampp/htdocs. Let us create a folder named school in this directory to host our form. Execute the following commands in a terminal.

$ cd /opt/lampp/htdocs
$ sudo mkdir school
$ cd school

Create two files, index.php and connect.php. To do this, execute the following command in the terminal.

$ sudo touch index.php connect.php

The file index.php will carry the form HTML code, while connect.php connects the form with the database.

Then open index.php using Gedit by running the command below.

$ sudo gedit index.php

Then add the following code inside.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <title>Working with the database </title>
</head>
<body>
  <h1>Registration Form</h1>
  <h3>Saving Data into the database</h3>
  <form action="connect.php" method="POST">
    <label>Firstname</label>
    <input type="text" placeholder="Enter firstname" name="firstname" required ="true">
    <br>
    <label>Lastname</label>
    <input type="text" placeholder="Enter lastname" name="lastname" required ="true">
    <br>
    <label>Email</label>
    <input type="email" placeholder="Enter email" name="email" required ="true">
    <br>
    <label>Phone</label>
    <input type="phone" placeholder="Enter Phone" name="phone" required ="true">
    <br> 
    <button type="submit">Save</button>
  </form> 
</body>
</html>

To view the form, open http://localhost/school

To style, the HTML form you have created above add the following code after the </form> tag.

<style>
body {
   text-align: center;
   padding-top: 20px;
   background-color: blue;
 }

h3 {
  color: white;
}
</style>

The page should now look like this:

form

Now, let’s connect our form with the database.

Inside connect.php add this code:

<?php

//Database records.The records we have in the database

$firstname = $_POST['firstname'];
$lastname = $_POST['lastname'];
$email = $_POST['email'];
$phone = $_POST['phone'];

//Making DataBase connection

$servername = 'localhost';
$username = 'root';
$password = '';
$dbname = 'school';
$conn = new mysqli("localhost","root",'',"school");

//Checking for errors and inserting data into the database

if ($conn-> connect_error) {
       die('connection failed :' .$conn-> $connect_error);
}

else {
       $sql = ("INSERT INTO students(firstname,lastname,email,phone)
       VALUES ('$firstname','$lastname','$email','$phone')");
}

$sql = mysqli_query($conn, $sql);

// $sql conditions which will be displayed after clicking the save button

if ($sql == true) {
       echo "Records saved";
} else {
       echo "Records not saved  ";
}

?> 

Step 4 – Storing data in the database

Let’s fill out our form in the browser with the details below.

Firstname: Peter
Lastname: James
Email: peterjames@gmail.com
Phone: 0700000067

When you hit Save, the details above should be saved in our database.

When we open http://localhost/phpmyadmin/ on the browser we should have something like this in our database.

Saved form data

Step 5 – Fetching data from the Database

To fetch the data that we just saved, add the code below into index.php right under the </form> tag.


<br>

//Creating a table where data from the database will be stored

<h3>Fetching Data from database</h3>
<table align="center" style="width:300px;">
<tr>
    <th>id</th>
    <th>Firstname</th>
    <th>Lastname</th>
    <th>Email</th>
    <th>Phone</th>
</tr>

<?php
//database connection
$conn = new mysqli("localhost","root",'',"school");
//checking for errors
if($conn->connect_error) {
       die("Error in DB connection: ".$conn->connect_errno." : ".$conn->connect_error);    

}

$select = "SELECT * FROM `students` ORDER BY id";

$result = $conn->query($select);

//displaying data from MariaDB on a browser using while loop

while($row = mysqli_fetch_array($result)) {  
         ?> 
         <tr>  
              <td><?php echo $row["id"]; ?></td>  
              <td><?php echo $row["firstname"]; ?></td>  
              <td><?php echo $row["lastname"]; ?></td> 
              <td><?php echo $row["email"]; ?></td> 
              <td><?php echo $row["phone"]; ?></td> 
         </tr>  
         <?php  
         }  
         ?> 
    </table>

On refreshing the page, we should see:

database2

The data at the bottom of the page has been fetched from the database.

Conclusion

In this tuorial we have:

  • Installed xampp.
  • Created a database using terminal.
  • Created a simple form using a PHP code.
  • Stored data into the database.
  • Fetched data from the database.

Peer Review Contributions by Wanja Mike


About the author

Erastus Muriithi

Erastus is an undergraduate student undertaking Bachelor of science in Computer science.He is very much interested in web development. Erastus likes playing football, playing games, and learning new things during his free time.

This article was contributed by a student member of Section's Engineering Education Program. Please report any errors or innaccuracies to enged@section.io.